Luctor et Emergo 

An Island Without an Island 

Delta Interventions Graduation Studio, 2018
Graduation Thesis | TU Delft,
Faculty of Architecture and Built Environment

The Netherlands is often depicted as a battleground, with the Dutch in a constant struggle against the water that surrounds them. This project examines this tradition in the context of   the Wadden Sea and the island of Schiermonnikoog, where this battle between the land and the sea is at its most extreme.

This project traces the myth of ‘making new land’ by investigating the four major themes from the recent publication ‘Sweet and Salt: The Water and The Dutch’: conflict, concord, profit and pleasure. These themes are adapted and used to analyse the Dutch waterscapes of the Wadden Sea and the island of Schiermonnikoog. The scenario method is then used to project the outcome of this analysis into a future where West Frisian 1 of Schiermonnikoog is left to nature and risks slowly disappears into the currents of the North Sea. The design intervention narrates a new myth: ‘guarding the water’ by using the typology of a fort. The scenario has four chapters and each of them narrates a different time period of the island’s future. Thus the project derives its name from the heraldic motto of Zeeland: ‘Luctor et Emergo' - ‘I struggle and Emerge’.


Greetings From Petro-Land 

Architecture Beyond Oil 

Architecture Beyond Oil Studio, 2016
MSc2 | Faculty of Architecture and Built Environment

In collaboration with Olivia Forty

The brief of the project was to imagine the Rotterdam Port ‘beyond oil’. As an area heavily reliant on fossil fuels, and Europe’s most oil-heavy port, the aim was to envisage a future for the port without its most valuable resource. We decided to make this an urban strategy that would look at the whole port area, but that would still focus on the port’s main functions: goods and energy.

At the same time, we wanted to make the project accessible and engaging, to counteract much of the dense literacture on peak oil and renewable energy.

Project Manifesto
1. We are designing the transition, so in that sense we accept port as a fluid state.
2. The Port is a centre of goods and energy - we want to maintain and reinforce these as the major functions.
3. Waterways and land transformation are an integral part of designing in the Dutch delta - we will design
with these parameters.
4. The economy needs to be diversified and given a boost so that Rotterdam can compete with the other major Dutch cities. It must transform into a more creative, research-based economy, whilst maintaining employment in the area.
5. As long as we have oil, Rotterdam maintains its place in the top world ports. As oil declines, we must find an equivalent solution which maintains Rotterdam’s unique positıon in Europe - this is likely to be part of the water industry, as water will soon become the new commodity.
6. The city and the port are separate entities in one body, which together form Rotterdam. Therefore, we do not want to create a new Rotterdam: the city cannot function without the harbour, and vice versa.


Cinecitta Napoli

Urban Hub Naples 



Urban Hub Naples Graduation Studio, 2012
Bachelor Thesis | ITU,
Faculty of Architecture


First concern of the project was an urban transformation of the port in Napoli which one of the largest in Italy. The main goal of the project is integration of the port and the city. In the siteplan, it is decided to reinforce the existing port industry, in terms of integration.Because Napoli has a large scale port industry which is the major driving force of the city’s economic growth. It is both the invariant of the urban memory. Another integration strategy is installing cinema industry to the site. Cinema is also invariant of cultural memory of both Napoli and Italy. Also it has a huge economic contribution to economy in Italy. Cinema’s double dna; both cultural and economic is other major force of the transformation of the port.

Cinecitta: The Dream Factory

Cinecitta is the largest film and television production facility in continental Europe. It offers fully serviced production and post-production facilities for feature films,television, commercials / advertising, music videos/videoclips and photo shoots. Cinecittà was officially opened on April 28, 1937 by Benito Mussolini. In its first few years the studio produced dozens of historical dramas and propaganda films.

In Italy, film industry is a vital sector of the economy. The result of this is to define the consistency and quality of Italian national cinema in terms of its principle problem: the competition with foreign productions, in particular those of the United States majors, something which, furthermore, represents the fundamental problem of all European cinema.

The vitality of Italian cinema is the very life-force of the entire cinema sector.In spite of the aggressiveness of foreign competition and the decrease in public contributions, nevertheless, the creative and industrial world of Italian cinema has not lowered its defences.

1.Port Industry

Reinforcing the existing port function is the major idea of the study, so the typology comes from there.

2.Cinema Industry

The cinematic organizations of the project is not directy only related with the cinemas final productions and events like festivals.The major concern is to focus on production and industry of cinema..

3.Cinema and Port Industry: Two industries working collaboratively with two integrated production chain

After phase 1 and phase 2, the keyrole of phase 3 is activate and link these two phases. On phase 3, a production line loaded to the site to link the industry of port and cinema.

By the way of that production line two industry can work collaboratively. Then Bragaglia’s work helped to understand and analyze the involved structure of these two industries. Photodynamism of Bragaglia is not a concept but an inspiration to plan the site.


Crimean State University 

New Horizons in Campus Design 



Design Studio 7, 2011
Bachelor Degree | Istanbul Technical University,Faculty of Architecture

The project is located in Akmescit-Simferepol in Ukraine and the site is approximately 25.000 square meters. In the project brief, the students were asked to design a new campus for Crimean State University of Engineering and Pedagogy. This new campus was conceived as an extension of the one which is existing already. But the old campus can not meet the contemporary trends of the university life in Akmescit. So, this new campus is expected to provide new opportunities to participate in a variety of activities. Except than this diverse program, the site specifications were also crucial. There were a dense plantation on the site, so this new facilities also expected to erect on the site without harming that unique habitat of the Nyzhnii Pond. In consideration with these criterias, a dense campus complex was proposed that can serve approximately for 700 students.


Sigaren Fabriek 

Berlage Design Masterclass, 2016
Material Culture | Prototypes for a New Industrial Vernacular

Led by Assemble & Hugo Corbett 

In collaboration with‭: ‬Gustav Kjær Vad Nielsen‭, ‬James Taylor‭, ‬Jelena Bottani‭, ‬Marcela Montalvao and Nick Rose

A New Vernacular‭?‬

Cigar Factory is a factory in Historic Delft area from 1800s‭. ‬The Complex consists of three historic buildigns built in order in‭ ‬different time zones‭.‬

We are keeping the factory as it is now‭ - ‬an accidental archive and exchange for materials‭. ‬Out of necessity the building is a storage space for materials that are too valuable to discard‭. ‬This in itself is an exciting and interesting use for the building‭ ‬‭- ‬a historic builder’s merchants for the city of Delft‭. ‬The Cigar Factory is not perfect however‭, ‬from the street the building is isolated‭, ‬and to many‭, ‬anonymous‭.‬

Our proposals bring a new sense of theatre and performance to the factory to make it more recognisable from the street‭. ‬We’re proposing a new entrance for the building‭, ‬and treating people like the materials‭. ‬On arrival into the central courtyard‭, ‬people get into an external lift and are taken to the top floor via a hoist‭. ‬It is with this principle that materials are moved in‭ ‬and out of the building also‭. ‬The facade is comprised of a single material that is processed in different way that conveys the history of the building‭. ‬In the same way that the current owner has heightened an existing chimney brick to be used as a floor tile‭, ‬we are proposing enrichment through process‭.‬

Our proposal explores the tectonic characteristics of the derived from the history of place‭.‬

The space we want to focus on is the existing main building of production‭ ‬and the most visible building on the site‭.‬

The presence of an industry in a city must be recognised by give the industrial activity a public character

People who want to can contribute or withdraw materials like makers‭, ‬designer‭, ‬homeowners or general public

By taking an ordinary‭, ‬readily accessible material like the contemporary roof tile‭, ‬we will process and assemble it differently‭,‬‭ ‬to speak of the history of the building‭. ‬Proposing a new entrance and means of circulation that takes precedent from factories‭ ‬such as‭ ‬“Van Nelle”‭ ‬where raw materials start at the top and work their way down‭.‬

How long for‭?‬
Install a longterm system inspired by the existing owner for future use‭, ‬general public or new owners‭.‬